What Is Applied Behavior Analyisis (ABA)?
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is the scientific study of behavior to understand how biological, environmental, and other factors influence and change behavior over time.
As behavior analysts and therapists, we seek to understand behavior and the impact of the physical or social environment on behavior.
ABA is not just for children or those on the spectrum. It can be used for all individuals and throughout the lifespan.
ABA helps us understand:
How and why behavior occurs
How to set up our environment for success
How an individual learns best
ABA helps us:
Adapt to each learner, and create individualized programming.
Apply skills learned in any environment – generalizing to home, school, and the community
Decrease challenging behaviors based on environmental changes
Use research-based, scientific methods focused on decreasing challenging behavior and promoting positive reinforcement.
Increase pro-social, communication strategies
Create individual strategies for a wide variety of behavioral disorders.
There are many ways in which ABA can be used, including:
Discrete Trial Training (DTT)
Naturalistic Environment Training (NET)
Verbal Behavior (VB)
Relational Frame Theory (RFT)
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)
Pivotal Response Training (PRT)